Speech of John W. A. Sanford of Georgia to the Texas Secession Convention

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention.

The State of Georgia specially deputed me to announce to your honorable body that she has in the exercise of her sovereignty formally and solemnly abrogated and annulled the ordinance by which she became a member of the Federal Union. In making this announcement I deem it unnecessary to enter into a detailed exposition of the causes which have impelled her to this course of conduct. Continue reading “Speech of John W. A. Sanford of Georgia to the Texas Secession Convention”

Speech of John McQueen of South Carolina to the Texas Secession Convention

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention, I have been honored with a commission by the Convention of the State of South Carolina to repair to your State and lay before your Convention an ordinance of the State of South Carolina, by which she seceded from the confederacy and dissolved all connection with the federal government of the United States. And also to tender to you the sincere sympathy of the people of South Carolina in the great and momentous movement in which we are all engaged, and in which our interests are identical and our honor is alike involved. Continue reading “Speech of John McQueen of South Carolina to the Texas Secession Convention”

Speech of Henry Benning to the Virginia Secession Convention

I have been appointed by the Convention of the State of Georgia, to present to this Convention, the ordinance of secession of Georgia, and further, to invite Virginia, through this Convention ‘ to join Georgia and the other seceded States in the formation of a Southern Confederacy. This, sir, is the whole extent of my mission. Continue reading “Speech of Henry Benning to the Virginia Secession Convention”

Letter from Isham Garrott and Robert H. Smith of Alabama to the governor and legislature of North Carolina

To His Excellency the Governor, and to the Honorable the members of the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina:

The General Assembly of the State of Alabama, on the 11th day of January, A. D. 1860, by joint resolutions, made it the duty of His Excellency the Governor of Alabama, Continue reading “Letter from Isham Garrott and Robert H. Smith of Alabama to the governor and legislature of North Carolina”

Letter from John G. Shorter of Alabama to Governor Joe Brown of Georgia

MILLEDGEVILLE, GA., January 3, 1861.

His Excellency Governor JOSEPH E. BROWN,
Governor of the State of Georgia :

SIR: I beg leave to hand you herewith a commission from His Excellency Andrew B. Moore, Governor of the sovereign State of Alabama, and attested by the great seal of the State, under date of December 21, 1860, by which I have the honor to be constituted and appointed a commissioner to the sovereign State of Georgia, with authority to consult and advise with Your Excellency as to what is best to be done to protect the rights, interests, and honor of the slave-holding States. Continue reading “Letter from John G. Shorter of Alabama to Governor Joe Brown of Georgia”

Letter from J.L.M. Curry of Alabama to Governor Hicks of Maryland

ANNAPOLIS, MD., December 28, 1860.

Hon. THOMAS H. HICKS,
Annapolis, Md.:

SIR: The Governor of the sovereign State of Alabama has appointed me a commissioner to the sovereign State of Maryland “to consult and advise” with the Governor and Legislature thereof “as to what is best to be done to protect the rights, interests, and honor of the slave-holding States,” menaced and endangered by recent political events. Continue reading “Letter from J.L.M. Curry of Alabama to Governor Hicks of Maryland”

Florida Secession Ordinance

The people of the State of Florida assembled in Convention having declared the separation of the state from the confederacy of the United States of America and resumed all the powers granted to the Government of that Confederacy, it is due to ourselves to our – late – confederates and to the civilized world that we should set forth the causes which have forced us to adopt this extreme measure fraught as it is with consequences the most momentous. We have not acted in haste or in passion but with the utmost deliberation and from what we regard as immeasurable necessity. Continue reading “Florida Secession Ordinance”

South Carolina Secession Ordinance

The people of the State of South Carolina, in Convention assembled, on the 26th day of April, A.D., 1852, declared that the frequent violations of the Constitution of the United States, by the Federal Government, and its encroachments upon the reserved rights of the States, fully justified this State in then withdrawing from the Federal Union; but in deference to the opinions and wishes of the other slaveholding States, she forbore at that time to exercise this right. Since that time, these encroachments have continued to increase, and further forbearance ceases to be a virtue.

Continue reading “South Carolina Secession Ordinance”